First Aid for STROKE

First Aid

This Article was featured in our #HighBP edition of HALA Magazine. FREE Download here!

The most important aspect of this discourse is to understand how to tell when someone is having or has just had a stroke. Strokes are events that occur in the human body causing a cut-off of the blood supply to the brain (Ischaemic Stroke), or a burst in the blood vessels in the brain (Haemorrhagic Stroke) depending on the primary cause of the stroke. In either case, someone who is having a stoke may show one or more of the following symptoms:

  • They may shout and collapse
  • Show a sudden change in their level of consciousness
  • Complain of having a headache, “the worst headache ever”
  • Complain of reduced or blurred vision, especially in one eye
  • Complain of weakness, numbness or unable to move parts of their face, arm or leg.
  • Appear confused, unable to express themselves
  • Have problems understanding what is said to them
  • Have problems walking.

When you suspect someone around you has had a stroke, assess the status by asking the following questions

1. Ask the person to Smile: – if the individual has had a stroke, his mouth would likely tend to move to one side when he smiles.

2. Ask the person to Talk: – the person may not be able to make clear sounds.

3. Ask the person to Raise their arms: – check if person is unable to raise any arm, or one arm drifts down.

Recovery Position- Stroke First Aid

The most important thing to do is to get that person to the hospital as soon as possible!

Practical First Aid Help for Stroke

  1. Call the emergency services – CRI; Lagos State Emergency Ambulance Service (LASAMBUS/LASEMS): 08022887777, 08022883678, 08022887788, 01-7413744.
  2. Loosen all restricting clothing- neckties, belts or scarves
  3. If the person is conscious, lay him down with the head and shoulder slightly elevated to slightly reduce the pressure of the blood pressure on the brain
  4. If the victim is unresponsive, roll him to lie on his left side. With the head tilted downwards, resting on the left arm to drain secretions.
  5. Check that there is nothing in the mouth, do not give any food or drink, the victim might choke on it!
  6. Encourage the person not to move, reassure him that help is on the way.

The sooner a person who has had a stroke has prompt medical attention, the more chances they have of recovering from the event, with less disability.

#STROKE: The most memorable day of my life

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